According to the World Intellectual Property Organisation, Intellectual property is defined as creations of the mind, such as inventions; literary and artistic works; designs; and symbols, names, and images used in commerce. Intellectual Property is generally divided into 5 categories namely;
Patents are an exclusive right with regards to an invention, product or process for which a new method of execution has been created or a new technical solution to an existing problem.
Trademarks are a distinctive sign or mark that identifies certain goods or services produced or provided by an individual or a company. Trademarks are legally protected under a system of trademark registration and help consumers identify specific products or services based on specific qualities which have been associated with the specific product and/or service.
Copyrights: covers literary works (such as novels, poems, and plays), films, music, artistic works (e.g., drawings, paintings, photographs, and sculptures) and architectural design.
Industrial Design: refers to the aesthetic aspect of products such as its shape, patterns, lines and colors
Geographical Indication: A geographical indication is a sign used on goods that have a specific geographical origin and possesses qualities or a reputation due to that place of original geographical indication consists of the name of the place of origin of the goods. E.g. Agricultural products typically have qualities that derive from their place of production and are influenced by specific local geographical factors, such as climate and soil.