The Dubai International Financial Centre is a financial Free zone with its own independent legal and regulatory framework and as such operates as a common-law jurisdiction.
To supplement the DIFC legal and regulatory framework he DIFC Courts system was established in 2004 for the purpose of resolving all civil and commercial disputes, ranging from international financial transactions to debt collection and employment disputes. The DIFC Courts deal exclusively with all cases and claims arising out of the DIFC and its operations, and any other claims in which all parties agree in writing to use the DIFC Courts under the Contract which has been executed between both the respective parties
Any entity operating within the DIFC is allowed to select a legal jurisdiction of its choice, other than the DIFC when entering into contracts. The DIFC laws will be applicable by default should a governing law not be stated in the Contract and any subsequent litigation will be governed by the DIFC laws.
The DIFC Courts have jurisdiction over civil and commercial matters only. The DIFC Courts do not have jurisdiction over criminal matters. All criminal matters would be referred to Dubai Courts.